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中英文对照:Does it matter if Lim Chin Siong was a communist? 林清祥即便是一个共产党员又咋啦?

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作者:张素兰  Teo Soh Lung

林清祥 2-page-001               justice now

PM Lee Hsien Loong’s observation of the Battle for Merger exhibition (https://www.facebook.com/leehsienloong) is just an attempt to defend his father’s wrong doing.

For more than half a century, Singaporeans have been told that communists were dangerous people and that they indulged in violence. The government conveniently omit to tell us that it was the communists who fought and died for Malaya (which included Singapore) during World War II and that Chin Peng was honoured by our colonial master soon after the war.

The CPM was the first anti-colonial organisation and not the PAP. If Lim Chin Siong and his friends were communists, they were also the founding members of the PAP. They fought alongside the PAP and helped it win the general election in 1959. Without them, where will the PAP be today?

Lee Kuan Yew had worked with Lim Chin Siong and other alleged communists who he later expelled from the PAP. Lee should know and not just allege that Lim Chin Siong and his friends were communists who advocated violence and instigated riots. He should have charged them in open court and produce evidence to secure their convictions. The PAP should not be cowards by simply claiming immunity from prosecution by using the Preservation of Public Security Ordinance and later, the Internal Security Act.

In my conversations with the late Dr Lim Hock Siew, Dr Lim repeatedly said that his party, the Barisan Sosialis believed and took the constitutional path in challenging the PAP. They were confident of winning the 1963 general election and had taken steps to avoid giving any opportunity for the PAP to accuse them of creating trouble. They even cancelled a National Day rally in 1962. Dr Lim in answering a question from the audience in 2011 said:

“… on 3 June 1962, we wanted to celebrate National Day, PAP came into power on 3 June 1959. We were given permission with lots of conditions. You could not speak on this or that or they would come and interfere. We knew if we held that rally, there would be provocation from the PAP and there would be trouble. Then they would use that to suppress us. So we had a last-minute cancellation of that rally.

 

To that extent, we were very restrained. We wanted to preserve our strength for the general election.”

Such restraint was deliberately not appreciated by the PAP and the British because they knew the Barisan would win the election if the leaders were not put behind bars.

Operation Coldstore took place on 2 Feb 1963. One hundred and thirty three law abiding members of opposition parties, including Lim Chin Siong who were looking forward to the general election that year, were arrested and imprisoned without trial, many for decades. This surely is the most shameful part of the PAP history. That operation wiped out a credible opposition for which Singapore is still suffering today. Incidentally, Operation Coldstore is not listed in the “Timeline of Events” at the Battle for Merger exhibition.

The general election was held on 21 Sept 1963, seven months after Operation Coldstore. The PAP need not brag about its victory for we all know what they did.

 “What we need to know is whether Lim Chin Siong and his colleagues committed any acts of violence and acted against the interest of Singapore.”

But honestly, I don’t care if Lim Chin Siong was a communist or a CPM member. After all, the PAP does lots of business with communist Russia and China.

What we need to know is whether Lim Chin Siong and his colleagues committed any acts of violence and acted against the interest of Singapore. The PAP government has never disclosed any evidence proving that Lim Chin Siong instigated any violence. The PAP repeatedly blamed the communists for causing riots, even for those racial riots that took place during the time when Singapore was part of Malaysia and after separation, when all the opposition leaders were still in prison. Why does the PAP refuse to admit that the riots had nothing to do with the so called communists? Their intention is clear, to cast blame on the communists and instil fear on the people of Singapore.

Lim Chin Siong was incarcerated without trial both by the British and the Lim Yew Hock government (26 Oct 1956 – 4 Jun 1959) and the PAP government (2 Feb 1963 – Sept  1969). I understand he suffered severe depression in prison and was exiled to Britain in 1969. His career as a promising political leader (many think that he was better than Lee Kuan Yew) was terminated by the ruthless and violent acts of the British and the PAP. And Lim Chin Siong was not the only victim of the PAP. Many others – Dr Chia Thye Poh, Dr Lim Hock Siew, Ho Piao, Lee Tee Tong, Said Zahari, Dr Poh Soo Kai and many more were imprisoned without trial for decades by the PAP.

Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong should follow the example of President Obama who investigated the CIA and made public the report of unlawful imprisonment and torture committed on captured prisoners at Guantanamo. Open up the archives of the ISD and search for the truth instead of simply believing what the ISD and his father tell him.

Convene an independent Commission of Inquiry while his father is alive, produce all documents justifying the imprisonment without trial of thousands of Singaporeans and exiles and let his father’s victims tell their side of history. We do not have much time, for the number of victims of Operation Coldstore is fast dwindling. Dr Poh Soo Kai is already in his 80s. I strongly urge the prime minister to act speedily and fairly, and not simply rely on the ISD to tell the history of Singapore.

 林清祥 2-page-001              justice now

总理李显龙参观合并斗争的展览会只是企图为了他的父亲的错误进行辩护。(见:https://www.facebook.com/leehsienloong)。

超过半个世纪,新加坡人民被告知,共产主义者是危险的人群,他们是热衷于暴力的。政府有选择性的简略的告诉我们这些情况。事实上,共产主义者在第二次世界大战期间,为了马来亚(包括新加坡在内,下同。)进行了战斗和做出了牺牲。(马来亚共产党总书记)陈平为此在第二次世界大战结束后立即获得了我们的殖民地宗主国嘉奖勋章。

第一个反对英殖民主义统治的组织的是马来亚共产党,不是人民行动党。假设林清祥和他的朋友都是共产党,那么,他们也是人民行动党的创始者。他们和人民行动党一道进行斗争和协助赢得1959年的大选胜利。没有这些人,会有今天的人民行动党吗?

李光耀和林清祥以及其他被他指责为共产党员并在后来被清除出人民行动党的人一道进行工作。李显龙必须知道而不是一味指责林清祥和他的朋友是鼓吹暴力和煽动暴乱的共产党员。人民行动党不可以畏惧这个历史事实而利用‘防止公共安全法令’,后来修正‘内部安全法令’的免于(公开)起诉的工具而简单的诉说这个历史事件。

在我与已故林福寿医生访谈时,林医生一再重覆的说,他的党(新加坡社会主义阵线)坚信和坚持通过宪制道路与人民行动党进行斗争。他们对赢得1963年的大选是充满信心的。为此,他们小心翼翼的避免让人民行动党可以找到任何借口制造指责他们的理由。他们甚至取消了1962年的国庆集会。这是林医生在1962年一个集会上回答听众的问题时所说的:

 “……在1962年6月3日,我们要庆祝国庆,当时行动党已经在1959年6月3日取得政权。我们获得了一个附带许多条件的集会,包括了在集会上不允许说这或哪些话,否则,他们将会到来干预集会。我们知道,假设我们举行这个集会,人民行动党一定会进行挑衅,这样我们将会出现麻烦。这样一来,他们将利用这个借口镇压我们。为此,我们在最后一分钟取消了集会。即便是到了这样的情况,我们还是很克制自己。因为我们为了大选而保存自己的力量。”

我们这样的克制是极其谨慎的,当时,人民行动党并不为此感激。对于社会主义阵线来说,他们知道,只要领导人不会被捕入狱将会赢得大选。

1963年2月2日的冷藏行动开始。包括林清祥在内的133名遵守法制和期盼着来届的大选的反对党成员被逮捕和不经审讯关进了牢房几十年。这是人民行动党最为羞耻的一面历史。这次把具有威信的反对党彻底消灭的冷藏行动至今还是极其痛苦的。在合并斗争展览会上并没有把冷藏行动列入‘历史事件时间’里。

大选是在冷藏行动后的1963年9月举行的。我们都知道实际的情况,行动党不能公布需要吹嘘它们这次的‘胜利’。

‘我们所要知道的是,林清祥和同志是否触犯了任何暴力行为和危害新加坡利益的行为。’

实事求是的说,我不管林清祥是否是一个共产党员或者是马来亚共产党员。因为,后来人民行动党与苏联共产党及中国共产党进行了很多商业往来。

我们要知道的是:

林清祥和他的同志在行动上是否触犯了任何的暴力行为和做出危害新加坡利益的事情。人民行动党政府至今还未公开任何证据证明林清祥唆使任何的暴力。人民行动党一再指责共产党造成暴乱,即使是当所有的(左翼)领袖仍然在牢内时,新加坡已经成为马来西亚的一部分和新加坡退出马来西亚时期出现的种族暴乱。为什么人民行动党至今拒绝承认这些暴乱与那些被成为‘共产党员’无关呢?他们的意图是非常清楚的,编造这些指责在共产党员身上用来恐吓新加坡人民。

林清祥在不经审讯的情况下被英国殖民主义者和林有福政府监禁(1956年10月到1959年6月4日)和人民行动党政府(1963年2月2日——1969年9月)。据我所知,他在牢内患上了压抑症并在1969年被放逐到英国。作为众望所归的杰出的政治领袖的生涯(人民都认为他比李光耀还要杰出)是在英国殖民主义者和人民行动党的无情和暴力行为下被摧毁的。

事实上,林清祥并不是唯一一个成为人民行动党的牺牲品。其他人,如谢太保博士、林福寿医生、何标、李思东、赛.查哈利、傅树介医生和其他许多在不经审讯下被人民行动党关进牢内数十年的政治拘留者。

李显龙总理必须追随奥巴马总统榜样。他调查美国中央情报局在(古巴)的关禁在关答那摩监牢被拘留的犯人行为,并且公开监牢里的非法行为和虐待事实。公开内部安全局的档案资料和寻找出事实,而不是简单的相信内部安全局和他的父亲所说的。

在他的父亲还在世的情况下,设立一个独立的调查庭。在调查庭上提交有关文件确认所有那些不经审讯被拘留的数千名新加坡和流亡者的罪证。让他的父亲一手造成的和受害者说出自己的历史事实。对于那些在冷藏行动下的受害者来说,我们已经没有多少时间可以拖延了。谢太保博士已经80岁了。我强烈要求,总理不要纯粹依靠内部安全局的资料。他必须尽快和公正来告诉我们新加坡真正的历史。

Teo Soh Lung

* Ms Teo Soh Lung graduated from the Univ of Singapore with a Bachelor of Laws (LLB Hons) in 1973 and served her pupillage under the late David Marshall. In 1981, she set up her own law firm in Aljunied and in 1985, she co-founded the Law Society Criminal Legal Aid Scheme which offers free legal assistance for criminal cases to the poor and needy members of the public.

Ms Teo also chaired a sub-committee under the Law Society which reviewed the Legal Profession Amendment Bill. One of the amendments to the bill had sought to take away the duty of the Law Society to comment on legislation. She called an EGM of the Society which overwhelmingly passed a motion calling on the government to withdraw the bill. Shortly after, she was subpoenaed to appear before a Parliamentary Select Committee and was vigorously questioned by then PM Lee Kuan Yew. She steadfastly defended her stand and the Law Society. She was subsequently elected as a member of the Council of the Law Society.

Some months later, in May 1987, she was arrested and detained without trial under the ISA together with the others for purported involvement in a conspiracy to overthrow the Govt by force and replace it with a Marxist state. She was released after 4 months but was imprisoned again in 1988 for refuting the government’s allegations against her. She was finally released in June 1990.

Soh Lung published her memoir Beyond the Blue Gate: Recollections of a Political Prisoner in 2010 and was one of the editors of Our Thoughts Are Free: Poems and Prose on Imprisonment and Exile in 2009.

She is also a founding member of Function 8 (https://fn8org.wordpress.com), an initiative by a group of citizens who believe that there is a need to facilitate the sharing of social, political and economic experiences of those who had, or are eager to contribute to society through reflection and civic discussion. Function 8 hopes to restart the process of critical thinking, rejuvenate the staleness of a society based on economic expediency and reclaim the human dignity and freedom which is the basis of our humanity.

Editor’s note: Ms Teo is right. Being a member of a group does not necessary mean the person endorses the actions of the group.

For example, Senior Minister Goh Chok Tong revealed in his interviews for the SPH publication “Men in White: The Untold Stories of the PAP” that former National Development Minister S. Dhanabalan left the Cabinet in 1992 because he was not comfortable with the way the PAP had dealt with the “Marxist Conspiracy” in 1987.

 “At that time, given the information, he was not fully comfortable with the action we took… he felt uncomfortable and thought there could be more of such episodes in the future… he’d better leave the Cabinet. I respected him for his view,” Mr Goh said.

Mr Dhanabalan said his reason for quitting some 12 years later, was one of conviction. “My philosophy is one where I need to have complete conviction about some key policies and if I have differences, it doesn’t mean I am against the group……but I have to try and live with myself if I have some disagreements on some things,” he said.

So, who to say that Mr Lim Chin Siong did not fall out with the CPM later over the ways to bring Singapore forward。

作者简介:张素兰

张素兰小姐毕1973 年业于新加坡国立大学法学硕士(LLB),并在1981年在已故马绍尔律下完成实习。在1981年,她在阿裕尼设立了自己的律师事务所。她是律师公会刑事法律援助计划的的共同创立者。这个援助计划是为那些在刑事法律下的贫穷者和需要援助的人士提供免费的法律援助。

张素兰小姐因也是律师公会属下的法律专业修正条例审核小组的主席。其中一条修正法令是在寻找律师公会的职责评论立法。我要求召开律师公会特别会员大会,以压倒性的票数通过了决议要求政府撤销有关的修正法令。过后不久,她被传召到国会特选小组,并被李光耀进行凶狠的盘问。她坚定的维护自己和律师公会的立场。后来,她被选为律师公会执委会的委员。

几个月后,在9875月。她和其他人在内部安全法令下不经审讯被拘留了。他们被据说是涉及一项要通过武力推翻(行动党)政府和以马克思主义建立新政府的阴谋。4 个月后她被释放.。由于她拒绝了政府的指控,在1988年她又再一次被捕。她在1990年终于被释放了。

张素兰小姐在2010年出版了她的回忆录;《跨越蓝色大门:一名政治被拘留者的回忆》the Blue Gate: Recollections of a Political Prisoner)。她也是《我们的思想是自由的:2009年在监牢和被放逐的诗歌和散文》(Our Thoughts Are Free: Poems and Prose on Imprisonment and Exile in 2009.)的编辑之一。

她同时也是‘功能八’组织的发起人之一。这个组织上由一群公民所发起组织的。组织的成员相信,有必要让那些有社会、政治和经济经验的人与大家一同分享。或者期望通过沉思和公民讨论为社会做出贡献。(Function 8 (https://fn8org.wordpress.com)‘功能八’希望能够重新开始进行批判性的思维,把一个基于经济私利的腐败社会恢复过来和在人道主义的基础上恢复认可度尊严和自由的人性。

编者注:

张素兰小姐的观点是正确的。作为一个小组的成员之一并不意味着这个必须为这个小组的行为背书。

例如:国务资政吴作栋在他接受报业集团出版《白衣人》的采访时所揭露的,国家发展部长丹娜巴南在1962年离开内阁的原因是:他对行动党处理1987年的‘马克思主义阴谋’(即‘光谱行动’逮捕天主教子志愿作者)的行动感到不自在。

 “在那个时候,已经提供了有关的讯息给他知道,但是,他还是对我们采取的行动感到不自在……他还感到你不自在和认为今后将会有更多类似的插曲……因此,他决定最好是离开内阁。我尊重他的观点”。

 丹娜巴南先生在他离开内阁12年后说出来自己离开内阁的原因。这是一个令人信服的例子。“我的人生哲学之一就是:在主要的政治问题上,我需要一个完整的被说服的理由。假设,我不同意这个被说服的理由,那不等于我是反对这个团队的。……但是,假设为对某些事情有不同的看法,那我必须尝试自己生存下来。”

 所以,那谁说林清祥先生在后来带领新加坡争取独立的斗争道路时不会与马来亚共产党脱离关系呢?

冷藏行动中文版              新书:1963年冷藏箱的50周年

视频:《狱中之歌》(THE SONG OF PRISON)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4haXXgYHv7M

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6 thoughts on “中英文对照:Does it matter if Lim Chin Siong was a communist? 林清祥即便是一个共产党员又咋啦?

  1. In summary, Lee Kuan Yew frequently denounced communism as being part of conspiracy of genocide, crimes of torture and crimes against humanity .

    One day, his family will be punished

    • since 50 years ago, LKY was a crime! He tough that what ever he had in 50 years ago will be totally covering under the carpet ! the book was lunched , whatever he had done were completely exposed.

  2. hope the author of this book will win the Nobel Prize, Let the whole world know a criminal Lee Kuan Yew

  3. 已过了50年, 多少人还记得还关心这个历史的真实性。

    报章还报导政府及官员反驳傅树楷的言沦,但并没刊登傅树楷做对照,总之傅的言沦是假的, 不可在报章刊裁。所以绝大多数人相信政府讲的是真的。

    感觉目前反对党绝大多数耍和这些前政治拘留人士保持距离,深怕对他们对在野党的诜举不利。
    连在野党都不关心前政冶拘留人士的人权,那还有多少人会关心人权,大多数人只要有工作吃得饱有时间就去旅游,政府做的很成功,人民很配合,人民已经被定性了。

  4. 李光耀這個老妖,假扮崇尚孔子,做戲一流。 實為希特勒一般的习惯性虐待狂杀人狂贪得无厌狂, 公布实例于世,令其妖魔现形, 还新加坡历史真相 . 受迫害的家属後代需要召開大會, 聯合组建”还我家园”討伐活動, 上一代的債,下一代負責追討, 要求現任法院李氏政府賠償精神被摧殘, 家園被奪走的一切損失費. 去妖魔,要家園, ,要道歉,要賠償。

  5. 谩骂有何义意?
    对被骂者来说是意料中之事,不谩骂才会奇怪。何必伤了自己的气。
    在关掉南洋大学也正是提倡讲华语运动如火如荼举行时。

    人们对历史是健忘的
    如果冷藏行动没真实记述在新加坡历史,谁会相信这是真实的而且已过了50年。
    就如日本不承认侵略中国的历史,教课书没记载,日本人民都不知道而且讨厌中国人。

    不需耍谩骂, 有什么实际行动来证实冷藏行动真实历史?
    若是真实的,有办法让全新加坡人民知道吗?
    有办法能呼起国际社会天天关注吗?

    反对党像一盘散沙不关注人权不管注内安法更何况人民。
    欣赏徐顺全,但不喜欢他的匹夫之勇,胡乱谩骂。

    经过50年了,人民尤如青娃在慢慢煮滚的水中,偶而发点怨言而以。
    所谓的五所畏对政府来说是无所谓的,反正人民很听话已被定牲了。

    这是不是李敖所说的新加坡人很笨,我不知道。

    为什么马来西亚能废除内安法,新加坡不能?

    根据宇宙定律,自然法则–作用与反作用,因果律, 他的功劳很大会得好的报应 ; 若冷藏行动真的造成很多冤狱, 那这一般人总有一天耍承担这些恶的果报,若不向他们忏悔赔偿。

    若将来有人会被封为国父,有不光荣历史,他有资格被称为国父吗?

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