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(中英文对照)BACK AT WHITLEY 26 YEARS AGO ON 19 APRIL 1988 回顾26年前的1988年4月19日在卫特里路扣留中心

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作者:张素兰

编者注;本文章作者张素兰小姐在26年前的‘光谱行动’下被捕。在经过各方的压力下获得释放。在释放后她与其他被捕者在律师的陪同下发表联合声明,揭露他们在被捕期间所遭受的虐待情况、李光耀的内部安全局人员强迫他们发表声明和上电视台以及完全否认李光耀政权指责涉及推翻新加坡政府的马克思主义阴谋。

 回顾26年前的1988年4月19日在卫特里路扣留中心

黄淑仪(Souk Yee)在电话的筒的另一端传来的声音说:“他们就在我的门外”。她问道“我该怎么办?”。当“他们就在我的门外”,那您又能够做什么?

 这是一个极其奇异的事。我们并没有讨论有关我们发表联合声明后将会被逮捕的问题?可能是没有讨论过,或者是健忘了?我不知道。当“他们就在我的门外”时,这个人又能够做些什么?假设你拒绝开门,他们将会破门而入。事情就是这么简单。假设你开门,好了,接下来就是,他们搜查你全部的文件和物件,以及凭他们自己的想象力随意拿走任何东西时,你只能坐在那儿并绝望的盯着。接着,他们把你带到一部等候着的车子载你到蓝色闸门去。

 在与他通了电话不一会儿,‘他们’已经在我的办公室的大门外了。理所当然的,根本无法阻止他们的进入。他们是一群人进来的。他们没有能力单独处理平民的问题。他们的态度非常恶劣。因为被告知是在处理恐怖分子的问题。

 他们在我的办公室进行搜查所有文件夹、书籍和文件,然后,全部把它们扔进一个装垃圾的黑色塑胶袋。他们甚至检查我的废纸桶。

 就是26年前的今天,他们第二次把带到卫特里路扣留中心。这次他们对我的态度比较和善了。他们没有在凌晨时分来把我带走。他们是从我家跟踪到办公室,然后在办公室逮捕我。接着,他们又把我从办公室带回家里进行了另一次的搜查。这确实是在浪费时间。

 在到达(卫特里路)扣留中心时,我办理了正常的手续,盖手指模印、拍照。我被脱去身上的衣服换上犯人的衣服。接着我是被带去装有空调的审讯室。这时我是光脚板和没有穿内衣裤。我是一个‘死硬分子’,所以我必须承受比过去更严重的处罚。因为我没有吸取过去(第一次被捕)的教训。我关在空调装置的审讯室里呆了20小时,接着,我被关进了一间肮脏、布满蜘蛛丝的小牢房。拘禁的时间每天三到四小时。这样的情况已经成为日常的程序了。

 他们从我那儿搜查到什么东西?他们的声明已经说得很清楚了。

 我错了。他们要知道是谁唆使起草和发表那篇声明的。(按:这指在‘光谱行动’被捕的政治拘留者在第一次出狱后发表联合声明。请见附件。)他们要知道为什么我们要发表声明?——正如假设他们不知道是部长们迫使我们做出反抗的。他们并不是我们必须被逮捕!他们要知道这篇声明的来源的详细情况——那就是我们当中谁说了什么?谁写了些什么?他们被激怒了!因为他们认为,在第一次被捕时他们已经给了我们‘很好的待遇’,我们却不知道感恩。这些嫌疑犯给他们带来了难以容忍的难堪,所以必须惩罚他们。

 还好,我们已经灵巧的应对了最后的一个问题。那就是:我们大家都同意(指那篇发表的联合声明)——这就是说:“我们都是领导!”我们在事后都觉得搞笑但是都是天真和诚挚的。部长们提出了那些毫无根据的指控。——‘使用共产党的统一战线伎俩,颠覆新加坡现有的社会及政治制度,以其建立一个马克思主义的国家。’这是致使我们必须发表声明做出反应的诱因。这难道不是合理的吗?在法律上,假设我们对挑衅行为进行合理的自卫还击,这是完全合理的。但是,事实上,期待那些红着脸蛋的部长们采取文明的反应是天真的。

 在压力下和关在装置了空调的牢房里,我听到了更多有关相互指责和遗憾自己被关在牢里。我感到非常遗憾自己又再一次被关进了牢房里。但是,这并不是我一个人,而是一群人。我的审讯官告诉我,我们当中一些人是非常合作的。——‘他们都说发表声明的想法是由我提出的’。因此,我个人必须为这次的重新被逮捕承担全部责任。这是魔鬼的结论。它似乎把我推进了沮丧的境界。但是,我坚持下来了。

 回顾起26年前所发生的事件,我对自己当年参与发表联合声明感到自豪。生活就是一次旅途的经验。生活就是敢于冒险或者啥都没有。这段(被捕的)情节是我生活中最为精彩的一段和敢于冒险的尝试。我想,在这段狂暴的日子里,我的家人、律师、朋友和支持者至始至终都对我坚信不疑和支持着我。

 下面的这张照片上1988年12月我的律师Roslina Baba拿了法院的裁决书来见我时所拍摄的。他取得法院的命令基于技术上的问题命令释放我们当中的一些人。我们在获得释放走出卫特里路扣留中心的大门外时,在大门的另一边立即又被逮捕。当时他们清除了道路的另一边,不让人看到我的再一次被捕。

张素兰 取得法院释放令在蓝色的闸们外

 附录一:

“光谱行动”被捕的政治拘留者在第一次释放后发表的联合声明

“我们被指涉及所谓的‘马克思主义 阴谋、使用共产党的统一战线伎俩,颠覆新加坡现有的社会及政治制度,以其建立一个马克思主义的国家。’

 “我们绝对及明确否定政府对我们的指控。

 “我们都不曾是秘密共产党员或属于马克思主义网络,而在被捕之前,我们中的许多人都不认识或不知道彼此的存在。

 我们更确切的属于社区及教会工作者,合法的改革人士,业余戏剧爱好者,协助工人党的人士,专业人士和普通公民,在新加坡行使言论表达自由和结社自由的宪法权利……。”

 扣留期间之待遇

 “在我们被扣留期间,我们受到的待遇,是根本就不应该施诸在任何受盘问的人士身上的。

 “在我们突然间被捕之后,受到严厉和深入的盘问,睡眠和休息被剥夺,我们之中的一些人留在冰冻的冷房里长达70小时。

 “我们全部的人都被逼脱去自己身上的衣服,还有眼镜、鞋子和内衣裤,被逼患上囚犯的制服……。审问时,我们中的 大多数人被令站着受盘问,有的人站立超过20小时,而且是在把冷气机开道最大的极低温情况下。

 “在这样的情况下,我们中的其中一个人在盘问过程中一直被淋冷水,我们中的多数人的脸都被重掴,有些被掴不少于50次,而且他让你则是身体的其他部位被攻击,那是在盘问的首三天。

 “我们在接受盘问时遭受更多的肉体施虐。我们受威胁。(他们)要对我们的配偶、亲人和朋友进行逮捕、攻击和殴打。

 “我们受要胁在未经审讯下长期扣留。在20后的今天被扣留的谢太宝被引为实例。我们被告知,没有人能够帮我们,除非我们跟内部安全局‘合作’……”

 我们在扣留期间写的各自电视“声明”时,这些威胁一直在我们的心中。

 他们很落力地劝我们寻求法律咨询及劝告我们休掉我们的律师和拒绝采取任何法律行动(包括出席内部安全法令的咨询团),以免破坏我们被释放的机会。

我们被迫上电视,并被警戒我们的释放视于我们在电视上的表现。我们被迫做出以下这样声明。“我们倾向马克思……”“我的理想社会上没有阶级的社会……”“某某人是我的导师……”“我被某某人利用……”以前连自己本身和其他的扣留者。

 我们在电视上的谈话。经过编辑和评说,完全被歪曲和缪误歪理,给我们的行动和相互交接添加高度恶毒和用心。

 我们把自己视为新加坡公民中最效忠和最具有责任感的一群。我们深深感到遗憾,而是我们的政府竟然感觉到必须中伤我们的良好声誉。并以我们做过或根本没有做过的事为借口,逮捕、扣留及向施压。

 (联合声明共同签署人如下)

董丽莉TANG LAY LEE

叶汉源YAP HON NGIAN

曾志成KENNETH TSANG

黄淑仪WONG SOUK YEE

张素兰TEO SOH LUNG

凯尔文.德苏沙KWLVIN DE SOUZA

黄美玲NG BEE LENG

陈凤霞TANG FONG HAR

庄碹芝CHNG SUAN TSE

BACK AT WHITLEY 26 YEARS AGO ON 19 APRIL 1988

“They are at my door”, the voice on the line was Souk Yee’s. “What should I do?” she asked. Well, what can one do when “they are at the door?”

 It was funny. Didn’t we discuss the possibility that we would be rearrested after issuing the joint statement? May be not. Or was it amnesia? I don’t know. What can one do when “they” are at the door? If you refuse to open it, they break down the door. It is that simple. If you open it, then well, you sit and stare in despair while they go through all your documents and things, seize whatever they fancy and then you are led to their waiting cars which will take you to the blue gate.

 Shortly after that phone call, “they” were at my office gate. And of course, it was pointless not to let them in. They came in a horde. They cannot handle civil people single-handedly. And they were rude because they had been instructed that they were dealing with terrorists.

 As usual, they rummaged through my files, books and documents and dumped them in black rubbish bags. They even checked my waste paper basket.

 Today, 26 years ago, they took me away to Whitley Road Centre for a second time. They were kinder this time. They didn’t take me in the early hours of the morning. They trailed me from home to office and there they arrested me. Then they took me from office to home in order to conduct another search. What a waste of time.

 At the detention centre, I went through the usual routine. Finger printed and photographed, I was made to strip and change into prison clothes. Then I was sent to the cold interrogation room sans shoes and underwear. I was a “die hard” and deserved to be punished more than before because I didn’t learn my lesson. Spending 20 hours or more in the cold room and then thrown into a dirty, dusty cob-webbed tiny cell for three or four hours became the routine.

 What was there to extract from me? The statement had said it all.

 I was wrong. They wanted to know who instigated the drafting and issue of the statement. They wanted to know why we issued it – as if they didn’t know that the ministers were the ones who compelled us to react and they not us should have been arrested! They wanted the details of how the statement came about, who said what and who wrote what. They were in earnest anger because they felt that all the “good treatment” they gave us when we were first arrested had not been reciprocated. They were rewarded with awards after our first arrests and now we were back again. The culprits must be punished for bringing them indescribable embarrassment. They must know who caused the mess. Who was the leader!

 Well, we were smart enough to anticipate that last question. It was all agreed that “All of us were leaders!” Hilarious on hindsight but naive and sincere at the time of deliberations. The ministers provoked us by their repeated groundless allegations that we were conspiring to destabilise Singapore using communist united front tactics and we reacted with a written statement. Wasn’t that reasonable? In law, we would have a complete defence if we reacted to provocation in a reasonable manner. But in fact, it was naïve to expect civilised reaction from red face ministers.

 Under pressure and cold room treatment, I heard that there was much recriminations and regrets among those arrested. I too regretted for landing up in prison again, not just me alone but so many others! I was told by my interrogators that some of my friends were cooperating fully. “They all said the idea of issuing the statement came from me.” And so I was the one who was responsible for their rearrests. It was a monstrous conclusion which nearly drove me into a state of depression. But I survived.

Reflecting on what happened 26 years ago, I can say that I am proud to be one of the nine signatories of the joint statement. Life is a journey of experiences. Life is a daring adventure or nothing. That episode has certainly been one of the most exciting and daring adventure in my life. I thank my family, my lawyers, my friends and supporters for believing in me and supporting me through those tumultuous days.

 Above is a photograph taken on 8 December 1988 showing my lawyer, Roslina Baba with the Order of the court of appeal which ordered the release of some of us on a technical point. We were immediately rearrested outside the detention centre on the opposite side of the gate. They have cleared that side of the road so that no one could witness the rearrests.

张素兰 1

张素兰 2

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