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《社区行动网络》组织:关于逮捕余彭杉事件 Statement on the arrest of Amos Yee

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 关于逮捕余彭杉事件

编者注:

1.本文于2015年4月21日刊登在《公民在线》网站。(THEONLINECITIZEN)

2.《联合国儿童权利公约》网址:

http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CRC.aspx

Convention on the Rights of the Child

我们对于日前逮捕余彭杉的事件表示深切失望。

新加坡是一个先进和繁荣的国家。我们自吹自擂的说自己是一个受过高深教育、学者和具有弹性的国家。我们必须允许人们可以表达不同的意见。当出现不同的意见时,若有侵犯之嫌,可以进行健康和文明的辩论,而不必要把它转化为使用警察和其他法律途径来处理。

与此同时,上载视频到YOUTUBE网络上认为是对某些人士造成侵犯之嫌。16岁青少年余彭杉已经是在这样的情况下被控以涉嫌煽动和骚扰罪状。他发布了一个粗鲁的描述了两位政治人物。余彭杉被控散播猥亵的资料。

余彭杉在自己制作的视频里所做的评语对基督教社群造成了侵犯。

然而,我们要您告诉您的是:这份请愿是由一位信奉基督教的新加坡人提出的。他在请愿书里说,‘和余彭杉所使用的丑陋字眼一样的,我们宽恕他。尽管我们的精神状态已经下降,但是我们还是会原谅他的,因为耶稣爱着我们。’

我们的这份请愿书已经有3千签名,您可以在以下的网址查阅。

犹有甚者,新加坡是《联合国儿童权利公约》的签署国之一(Nations Convention for the Rights of the Child (CRC)。见附件。)在《联合国儿童权利公约》的约定下任何年龄低于18岁的儿童是需要受到特别安全保护和保护。在《联合国保护儿童公约》第三章强调:【i】任何涉及儿童的行动,不论是由公众或者说私人社会福利机构、法院、官方行政单位或者执法单位,在采取行动前首先必须优先考虑。

例如 ,当一个孩童被指责触犯法律时,在第40条的约定下,‘这个孩童必须受到缔约国确认被指称、指控或认为触犯刑法的儿童有权得到符合以下情况方式的待遇,促进其尊严和价值感并增强其对他人的人权和基本自由的尊重。’ 在这里必须考虑到‘这种待遇应考虑到其年龄和促进其重返社会并在社会中发挥积极作用的愿望。’ 我们注意到,当余彭杉被捕时,在父母和祖父母面前,他双手是铐上了手铐的。他被警方扣留了2天。主流媒体也无中生有的错误报道了他的母亲向警方举报余彭杉。

《联合国儿童权利公约》也进一步鼓励不要采取司法程序的以外,其他可变通的方式处理类似这样的儿童。这些方式包括了“【a】应采用多种处理办法,诸如照管、指导和监督令、辅导、察看、寄养、教育和职业培训方案及不交由机构照管的其他办法,以确保处理儿童的方式符合其福祉并与其情况和违法行为相称。”他们也必须承担“在某种程度上适合他们的福祉和适当的情况下,犯罪行为”

新加坡政府起诉余彭杉的行动是与《联合国儿童权利公约》所约定的精神背道而驰的。

余彭杉对已故李光耀所持有不同的意见——不论对爱慕前总理的人产生任何的侵犯,也只能视为是个人的观点。一个成熟的社会人们是需要相互参与理性的对话的, 而不是采取诉诸与惩罚性行为去压制那些人认为不同意见的人。

我们再此呼吁政府撤销对余彭杉的起诉。对余彭杉所采取的行动上不适于、严厉和违反新加坡已经签署了联合国庄严制定的《保护儿童权利公约》的基本原则。作为一个国家,这样的做法对于是没有益处的。替代与培养容忍的精神,他们是鼓励监督思考和发言的政策。假设我们渴求生活在一个我们所许诺的民主理想的社会里,我们需要找出一个更加进步的和具有同情心的途径与不同意见的人在一起。

本声明共同签署人:

Shelley Thio, Jolovan Wham, Terry Xu, Roy Ngerng, Rachel Zeng, Kirsten Han, Jennifer Teo, Woon Tien Wei, Lynn Lee, Vincent Law, Martyn See

社区行动网络

社区行动网络是新加坡一群关注自由表达独立人士和社会活动分子所组成的。我们之所以走到一起时因为余彭杉的事件。

联系方式:communityactionnetworkSG@gmail.com

您如果要参与签署这份声明可以到以下网站签名:

https://www.change.org/p/the-singapore-government-drop-the-charges-against-amos-yee

Statement on the arrest of Amos Yee

We would like to express our deep disappointment over the recent arrest of Amos Yee.

Singapore is an advanced and prosperous nation. We boast a highly-educated, literate and resilient population. We should allow space for people to express diverse opinions, and, if offended, engage in robust and civilized debate, without turning to the police or other legal avenues when disagreements arise.

And yet, for uploading a YouTube video deemed offensive by some, 16-year-old Amos Yee has been charged with sedition and harassment. For posting a rude drawing featuring two politicians, Yee is accused of distributing obscene material.

In his video, Yee makes comments that some deem offensive to the Christian community.

However, we would like to bring your attention to a petition, started by a Singaporean Christian. It says: “As ugly as Amos Yee’s words were, we forgive because Jesus loved us despite our own fallen spiritual state.”

The petition has 3000 signatures so far and can be found here:

https://www.change.org/p/the-government-of-singapore-release-amos-yee

In addition, Singapore is a signatory to the United Nations Convention for the Rights of the Child (CRC), in which children—those under the age of eighteen—require particular safeguards and protections. Article 3 of the convention emphasizes that “[i]n all actions concerning children, whether undertaken by public or private social welfare institutions, courts of law, administrative authorities or legislative bodies, the best interests of the child shall be a primary consideration”.

In instances when a child has been accused of infringing the law, Article 40 states that the child has to “be treated in a manner consistent with the promotion of the child’s sense of dignity and worth”. There is a need to take into account “the child’s age and the desirability of promoting the child’s reintegration and the child’s assuming a constructive role in society”. We note that when Amos was arrested, he was handcuffed in front of his parents and grandparents, and was detained by the police for two days. The mainstream media also wrongly reported that his mother had made a police report against him when no such thing happened.

The convention further advocates alternative measures for dealing with such children, without resorting to judicial proceedings. These measures include “[a] variety of dispositions, such as care, guidance and supervision orders; counselling; probation; foster care; education and vocational training programmes and other alternatives to institutional care”; they should also be undertaken “in a manner appropriate to their well-being and proportionate both to their circumstances and the offence”.

Singapore’s prosecution of Amos Yee goes against the spirit of the Convention for the Rights of the Child (CRC).

Yee’s opinions about the late Lee Kuan Yew—no matter how offensive to admirers of the former Prime Minister—should be viewed as opinions of an individual. A mature society is one in which people engage each other in rational discourse, not one which resorts to punitive action to silence those with opinions deemed disagreeable.

We call on the government to drop the charges against Amos Yee. Measures taken against Yee are disproportionate and heavy-handed and violate the fundamental principles enshrined in the UN convention Singapore has signed. They do nothing to help Singapore evolve as a country. Instead of fostering tolerance, they encourage the policing of thought and speech. If we truly aspire to live up to the democratic ideals of our pledge, we need to find more progressive, compassionate ways of dealing with differences in opinion.

Signed

Shelley Thio, Jolovan Wham, Terry Xu, Roy Ngerng, Rachel Zeng, Kirsten Han, Jennifer Teo, Woon Tien Wei, Lynn Lee, Vincent Law, Martyn See

Community Action Network

The Community Action Network is a group of individuals and activists concerned about freedom of expression in Singapore. We came together because of Amos Yee’s case.

Contact: communityactionnetworkSG@gmail.com

To sign this statement: https://www.change.org/p/the-singapore-government-drop-the-charges-against-amos-yee

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