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张素兰:回忆冷藏行动50周年 Reflection on the 50th Anniversary of Operation Coldstore By Teo Soh Lung

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张素兰:

回忆2013年纪念冷藏行动50周年

为纪念冷藏行动50周年,原定于2013年2月2日在中华总商会举行的。纪念会的组织者感到喜悦的是这一天刚巧适逢星期六,将会方便更多的人出席这场纪念会。他们预计出席者将会有至少400人。受邀在纪念会上的发言者及为纪念会出版的刊物已经准备就绪;安排会场进行摄制工作和茶水的事宜也已经安排就绪。总之,一切都有条不紊的进行着。骤然间,会场租借方告知组织者,他们所租用的纪念会会场已经被征用,无法出租给他们举行纪念会了。组织者为此感到极其失望以及为此次纪念会所进行的筹备工作将全部付之东流。

冷藏行动50周年纪念会的组织者是一群当年被扣留与监禁的幸存政治拘留者。他们当中很多在70年代被捕的。对他们来说,这是极其重大的打击的。就他们而言,在中华总商会举办这场纪念会是具有重大意义的。为什么不能在中华总商会举行?
众所周知的中华总商会成立的历史,它是在上个世纪由新加坡的华族社群领袖以及著名的华文教育者、商人和活跃分子所使用的场所。在上个世纪50年代,华校中学生对中华总商会的华社领袖是极其尊重与尊敬的。华校中学生会聆听他们的意见。

中华总商会

冷藏行动事件是在1963年2月2日凌晨开始的。这次事件的幸存者称它为“2.2事件”。(当局)通过这次的行动彻底地消灭了所有的反对党,包括林清祥先生、林福寿医生和傅树介医生的新加坡社会主义阵线的领导人在内部安全法令下,不经审讯几乎全部被关进了监牢。

超过130名反对党的领袖和工运领导人被关押在监牢里。他们当中一些人由于拒绝接受签署任何声明而被监禁超过数十年。

这场集体的逮捕监禁行动是由新加坡、马来亚和英国人共同滥用了内部安全法令进行的。这场集体逮捕行动的结果是促成了今天新加坡成为一个只有微弱力量存在的反对党的荒谬民主国家。

纪念会的组织者感到沮丧。为此他们向年轻的活跃分子寻求如何解决场地的意见!——实际上一个最简单的解决方案就是利用芳林公园作为举行纪念活动的场地。

组织者感到担心。因为他们没有在公开场合举行过任何这样性质的纪念活动。他们顾虑到自己会不会被内部安全局人员和警方人员跟踪和盯梢?他们的家属的工作会不会受到牵连?这一切对于年轻的活动分子而言,这是上天施以他们让这场纪念活动在公开场合进行的良机!但是,就那些经历了数十年痛苦与蒙受莫须有罪名而被监禁的老前辈而言,这显然不是那么简单的事儿。

经过深思熟虑过,组织者终于同意在芳林公园举行这场纪念会。组组织者确实也别无选择了。

芳林公园是一个具有历史意义的公园。这是许多政治领导人在此发表重要演说而成为历史性重要事件的场所。纪念冷藏行动50周年终于在这个具有历史性的重要场所举行了。

在纪念会举行的当天,活跃分子一早就开始为纪念会场所进行了布置工作。会场的舞台和音响系统已经搭建起来了。舞台上悬挂了要求废除内部安全法令和让全体流亡者回返新加坡的布条!一张张用纸板打印在内部安全法令下被扣留与监禁的政治拘留者的名单已经张贴在布告栏上了。

名单

查看名单

会场搭建起来的帐篷悬挂了“我们牢记”的布条,作为展示售卖纪念有关冷藏行动书籍。

售卖书籍

会场也提供了一张轮椅。轮椅上放置了急救救护箱,以便参与纪念会的年长者以便发生摔倒意外时备用。

50th anniversay of Operation Coldstore

最后,几百张椅子也抹干净并整齐的排列好了。同时,现场也为年轻的与会者提供了两张大席布,可以席地而坐。

会场椅子

纪念会场的所有布置工作早在下午3点45分全部完成就绪,但是,却还没有看到出席者。组织者开始感到忧虑了。当时主持人宣布纪念会即将开始并邀请与会者入座时,骤然间,在公园四周出现的人数突然增加、椅子也完全坐满人了!

恐惧心理就在顷刻间消失了。在过去数十年因被强加莫须有罪名而在内部安全法令下遭受非正义监禁的恐惧心理已经一去不复返了!

秘密警察滚一边去吧!

让他们注意到这些冷藏行动的幸存者还活着!他们不会忘记在1963年以直到2013年被行动党政府剥夺了他们在中华总商会室内举行纪念会的权利。他们是胜利者不是牺牲者!尽管他们把自己的青春峥嵘岁月耗费在监牢里,但是,他们的思想意识是极其清晰的。

正如傅树介医生在纪念会当天所说的:

“他们证明了自己的年轻时代的理想.”

50th anniversay of Operation Coldstore

他们证明了自己在反对马来西亚问题上的立场。他们并没有犯上任何的错误。他们与英殖民主义者进行了斗争。他们在行动党的统治下进行了反对非正义与痛苦的斗争。
为此,在冷藏行动下被捕的幸存者克服了恐惧的心理。超过了700人参与了纪念冷藏行动50周年的纪念会。

Reflection on the 50th Anniversary of Operation Coldstore
By Teo Soh Lung

The 50th Anniversary of Operation Coldstore was to have been commemorated at the Chinese Chamber of Commerce & Industry on Saturday, 2 February 2013. The organisers were exceedingly pleased that that day fell on a weekend. More people would be able to attend and they were expecting a crowd of perhaps 400. Speakers were invited and a commemorative publication was prepared; photographs and refreshments were arranged for and everything was in place. Suddenly they were informed that the auditorium was not available to them. They were exceedingly disappointed and at a loss as to what they should do.

The organisers were a group of Operation Coldstore survivors, the majority in their late 70s. It was a great blow to them. They could not understand why such an event which meant so much to them could not be held at the auditorium. The Chinese Chamber of Commerce as it was earlier known, used to be the leader of the Chinese community and was always at the forefront of Chinese education, business and activism in its early days. Chinese school students held the leaders of the Chinese Chamber in high esteem and listened to their advice in the 1950s.

中华总商会

Operation Coldstore which took place in the wee hours of 2 February 1963 or as the survivors call it “2.2” wiped out the cream of the opposition parties. Almost the entire leadership of the Barisan Sosialis led by Mr Lim Chin Siong ,Dr. Lim Hock Siew and Dr Poh Soo Kai were imprisoned without trial under the Preservation of Public Security Ordinance or PPSO, the forerunner of the Internal Security Act (ISA). More than 130 leaders of the opposition parties and trade unions were incarcerated, many for decades because they refused to sign any statement. That massive abuse of power by the Internal Security Council comprising the government of Singapore, Malaya and Britain have resulted in Singapore’s ridiculous state of democracy with miniscule presence of the opposition in parliament today.

The organisers of the event were despondent and sought the views of younger activists. There was an easy solution – use Hong Lim Park.

The organisers were worried for they have never held any commemoration in public. What if they were trailed and “marked” by personnel from the Internal Security Department and the police? What if their families suffer in their workplace? To the younger activists, it was heaven sent opportunity to publicise an important event! But to the older generation who have gone through decades of imprisonment, hardship and stigmatisation, it was not that simple.

After much deliberation, the organisers agreed. They had no choice. Hong Lim Park, the historic park where many political leaders have given important speeches became the venue for the most important historic event, the 50th anniversary of Operation Coldstore.

Activists started work from the early hours of the morning. A stage and sound system were set up, banners calling for the abolition of the ISA and the return of the exiles were strung, boards on which long lists of names of ISA detainees were mounted.

查看名单

名单

Tents were pitched for the display of the commemoration book “We Remember”.

售卖书籍

A wheelchair complete with first aid kit was also made ready, just in case any of the elderly participants fall ill.

50th anniversay of Operation Coldstore

Finally hundreds of chairs were wiped clean and neatly arranged in rows.

Two huge mats were placed on the ground for younger participants.
All was set at about 3.45 pm but there was no audience! The activists were worried. What was happening? Then at about 4 pm the MC invited the people to sit as the event was about to begin. Suddenly, from all corners of the park, people descended on to the field and the chairs were quickly occupied.

会场椅子

Fear has disappeared in that very instant. The stigma of having been imprisoned under the unjust ISA decades ago was gone.

To hell with the secret police. Let them take note that survivors of Operation Coldstore are alive and have not forgotten what the PAP government had done to them in 1963 and continue to do to them in 2013 by depriving them of an indoor venue at the Chinese Chamber of Commerce & Industry. They are the victors not the victims. They have spent their youth in prison but their conscience is clear.

As Dr Poh Soo Kai said in his speech,

“They have been vindicated for their youthful idealism.” They are vindicated for their stand on Malaysia. They have not committed any wrong. They fought against the colonial master, the British. They fought against injustice and suffered under the PAP.
And so the survivors of Operation Coldstore conquered FEAR. More than 700 people attended the 50th Anniversary of Operation Coldstore.

50th anniversay of Operation Coldstore

RELATED LINK相关链接:

1. 纪念冷藏行动50周年芳林公园集会视频
The 50th anniversary of Operation Coldstore at Hong Lim Park on 2 Feb 2013:

傅树介医生在纪念会上讲话网址:

2.张素兰:《改变的时代与(1963年2月2日)“冷藏行动”》( Changing Times and Operation Coldstore )

https://wangruirong.wordpress.com/2016/01/10/

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