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(中/英文版)真理与激情代替了与谎言欺瞒 Truth and inspiration replacing deceit and deception

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本文转载自 FUNCTION 8 April 6, 2016 by fn8org

真理与激情代替了与谎言欺瞒

作者:赛.胡申.阿里博士  Dr. Syed Husin Ali

编者按:

作者赛.胡申.阿里博士获取了马来亚大学(新加坡分校)学士和硕士学位。他的博士学位是在伦敦经济与政治学院获得的。他是前马来亚大学(吉隆坡)的人类学和社会学的教授。目前他是马来西亚人民公正党(Parti Keadilan Rakyat ,PKR)副主席。他的著作有:《马来亚农民社会和它的领导层》(Malay Peasant Society And Leadership (1975));《双面:不经审讯(1996年)》 (Two Faces: Detention Without Trial (1996));《种族关系在马来西亚:和谐与冲突(2008)》( Ethnic Relations in Malaysia: Harmony and Conflict (2008))和《马来人:他们的问题和未来(2008)》 (The Malays: Their Problems and Future (2008))

2016年4月2日在吉隆坡八打灵再也GERAKBUDAYA书店举行的傅树介医生新书《生活在欺瞒年代》发布会上赛.胡申阿里是其中的一名受邀发言的嘉宾。以下是他的演讲稿。

新书发布会地点

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以下是赛.胡申.阿里的演讲全文:

塞胡申阿里

我很荣幸受邀在今天早上参与了傅树介医生的新书《生活在欺瞒的年代》的发布会。我在三天内读完了这本书。一旦我开始阅读,我就不会放下了。我发现这是一本具有特殊意义的伟大历史和价值性很高的著作。傅树介医生是一名杰出的政治人物。在内部安全法令下,他在李光耀的牢里度过了17年。

尽管这本书一直被视为是傅树介医生的个人回忆录,但是对他个人的生涯和经历着墨不多。事实就是这样。只是一本精心的杰作和有关替代新加坡的及完整的文件。它根据事实证据,这些证据是附上注释和令人信服的否定了李光耀本人和就像丹尼斯.布拉德沃斯(Denis Bloodworth)似的胡扯谎言。

树介在他的书里写了个各样的东西。在这本书的最后一章,他连贯了自己与挚友们(包括惹耶古玛医生)之间讨论的许多不同课题。尽管他并没有直接说明。我可以肯定他们之间是商量过共同撰写一本有关新加坡的历史。我曾经几次要求惹耶古玛医生纂写有关新加坡的历史,特别是在李光耀统治时期。但是,他一直说自己已经忘记了其中许多事情,和需要树介的帮忙。因为他个人认为树介对有关事件的记得很清楚。

我知道他们之间是曾经讨论过这件事。但是,在他们准备开始撰写时,拉惹古玛逝世了。我也听说树介及拉惹古玛的亲密好友林福寿医生,在朋友的劝说下撰写自己的回忆录。同样的,他在极其困难的情况下要开始撰写工作时也逝世了。

这三名医生在政治上的亲密关系是从他们青年学生时代在马来亚大学建立起来的。当时马来亚大学是坐落于在新加坡。事实上,他们在李光耀影响下紧密地涉入新加坡的政治发展。但是,差不多也在这个时候,这三个杰出的医生已经察觉到,事实上李光耀是不可以信任的。

他们说,李光耀就是近乎是一个骗子。他事实上并不是一个社会主义信仰者,但是,他自称是信仰社会主义。他的观点和行为已经说明他根本就不是什么民主人士。他们也是其中一分子怀疑李光耀和英国殖民主义者之间的关系。这三名医生与年轻和具有魅力的林清祥关系密切。林清祥是领导进步职工会的领导者。林清祥与李光耀之间的合作社从人民行动党创立时开始的。但是,最终李光耀背叛了他。他被李光耀关进了监牢。在政治上被李光耀所暗算了。

在拉惹古玛和福寿逝世后,这个艰巨的包袱就落在了树介肩膀上了。他的任务就是撰写出一部完整的新加坡历史。事实上,树介早已经开始这方面的工作了。早在1993年到1994年之间,也就是他第二次被捕监禁6年释放后,树介在他移民到加拿大的途中,在英国伦敦逗留时,他在英国的莎翁公园(Kew Gardens)的档案馆开始进行调查研究工作了。

在那儿,他阅读和收集了所有翻阅的资料,同时也记录下所有相关的资料。他把这些记录下的笔记资料也与拉惹古玛和福寿分享。毫无疑问,这些资料对于他后来撰写这部巨著是起着极其重大的作用的。树介并没有立即开始撰写。我置信,他是因为自己的两名战友的逝世激发了他的纂写工作。

在这期间,陈仁贵,他是一名律师。早期是马来亚大学社会主义俱乐部的主席。他与树介一样计划完成一部有关社会主义俱乐部的著作。在本书以《花惹风云与李光耀时代》为名于2009年出版了。《花惹》(马来文译为“黎明”)是一份马来亚大学社会主义俱乐部的月刊。由于后来陈仁贵的视觉逐渐退化后,他不仅是向树介索取集辑的长篇文章,而且成功的说服了他成为共同的编辑。早些时候,他准备出版一本纪念林清祥的书籍。这本书的名字为:《天空中的一颗彗星:林清祥的历史》。树介并没有参与。但是,后来他参与了编辑工作。他在这本书修订本写了一篇序言。

树介和仁贵也共同编辑了《新加坡1963年冷藏行动50周年纪念》这本书。这本书是为了纪念50年前超过100名左翼的主要政治人物和工会分子遭受大规模的被被捕和长期监禁的事件。这些人是在反对李光耀推动新加坡加入马来亚的假全民投票后被捕。这本书包括了叙述和分析了一些被捕者的经验。这本书也附录了自1948 年紧急法令以来被捕者的名单。这本书是在仁贵逝世后两年出版的。

晚些时候,树介为《新曼德拉( New Mandala)》杂志撰写了一些文章。他的这些文章是反驳新加坡驻澳大利亚最高专员的。文章暴露了在李光耀政权的统治下新加坡政府已经公然承诺的一些政治欺瞒。我敢说,这些文章,包括他早期协助编辑那些书籍时的供稿,除了为他提供所需的 实践之外,更重要的是给他决心来完成这本书。

但是具有讽刺意义的是,树介对此没有信心以为他能够取得这将成为自己生命中的理想。尽管如此,正如他自己承认的,他的编辑团队和一些朋友给予他提供了很大的帮助。他的一位最接近的朋友看着这本书出版过程中的每一个阶段的进展。坦率的说,如果没有其中一名编辑孔丽莎博士的协助,这本书无法看到今天面世的光景。

孔丽莎博士不仅仅是编辑树介撰写的文章,同时,以学术资料作为支持这些文章以及为文章提供无数注脚。这一切有助于丰富了树介早些时候在莎翁园(英国档案馆)所收集的资料。但是,我可以肯定,孔丽莎博士将是第一位知道《生活在欺瞒年代》的确是树介个人不懈努力的结果。这本书最重要的内容是建立在树介个人在新加坡的回忆、观察事物和分析当时的时局。当然,孔丽莎博士和其他人也协助树介对文章进行修饰。

正如我早些时候所说的,树介并没有在这本书里着重于撰写有关他个人的事。事实上,他也确实明显的回避这方面的问题。他撰写有关自己的事的那部分只是在第8章:《我和医疗》。在这一章里,他叙述了有关他介绍了有关作为一个实习医生进行手术工作的经验。后来他在2名著名外科医生,一名是外国人,另一名是本地医生的指导下成为了初级医生。这说明他是热爱自己的专业的,为了自己能够参与政治活动他不得不放弃自己所热爱的专业。

在这本书的第一页的第一章是《家庭关系》。我想,他会撰写关于自己以及特别是自己家族的核心关系。相反地,他却全部撰写有关他的外祖父陈嘉庚的光辉事迹。这是因为树介被捕的其中一条罪状的映射他外祖父是一个共产党员,他与“红色中国”政府有联系。事实上,这是一个极其莫名其妙的指责。后来,当新加坡政府反过来在行动上颂扬陈嘉庚时,他们对树介的这项指控却从来被没有收回。

李光耀摆脱不了的最大痴念就是尽力的维持自己的独裁政权。他不能或者无法容忍任何批评或者反对他的人。他经常把这些批评或者反对他的人视为罪状首要推翻他。他经常指责他反对者是共产党员或者是亲共分子。还有其他的指责是涉及马来亚民族解放阵线(MNLF)活动和欧洲共产党企图颠覆政府,或者被指控是马克思阴谋和其他等等。李光耀就是在这些籍口下引用内部安全法令逮捕和监禁他的反对者。这些被捕者监禁的时间相当得长。

在马来西亚,据我所知,在内部安全法令下被监禁最长时间的政治拘留者是15年。但是在新加坡超过这样长(15年)的时间的政治拘留者是极其普通的事。树介、赛.查哈利被监禁了17年,林福寿医生是20年。还有其他更多的人,如谢太宝是不经审讯超过27年。他比南非的曼德拉被监禁的时间还要来得长。谢太宝是世界上有良知犯人被监禁最长时间的。

总的来说,就我所知只有文莱人民党的政治犯被监禁的时间与新加坡的政治犯一样长。特别是在李光耀的统治下。在精神上和肉体上折磨撰写政治犯已经是极其普通的了。在新加坡比这些还有过之而不及,这包括了通过医药上虐待而导致加重了对政治犯的痛苦。

林清祥说过,在给他服食了过量的某种药物后使他产生抑郁症后导致他要自杀。另一方面,树介对于他严重的否认或拖延到某个程度也受到过这样的对待和药物,结果造成了的脑死一个短暂时间。请您注意看看树介——他是从死亡边缘走回来的!但是,他今年是84岁了,他看去还是一个年轻人和决心为正义而战和反对世界上各种的被压迫现象,特别是新加坡。

他为此进行斗争的方式就是写作。他在《生活在欺瞒年代》这本书里展现了自己。他通过引用从莎翁殖民地办公室事实的资料、新加坡国会议事记录、剪报和自己整理和时事分析等资料撰写出一本完整和具有挑战性的新加坡历史的另一面。

他已经足以揭穿和暴露李光耀这些年来可以如何通过使用诡计和欺瞒的手段以生存的专制统治。我不想在这里列举这些事实了。因为孔丽莎博士已经这本书的导言里简述了。我建议你们不要按照书本的循序阅读,先把这本书全部读完,然后,再去读孔丽莎博士的导言。我个人认为,这样将有助于,也是有助于我抓住树介的这本巨著的全部含义和意义的核心。

正如前面所说,树介已经贡献和共同与仁贵在2011年一起编辑出版的《花惹年代》(Qwee the Fajar Generation)和在2013年出版的《新加坡1963年冷藏行动50周年纪念》(The 1963 Operation Cold Store)。他也同时在2015年出版了《天空中彗星》(Comet in Our Sky)。除此之外,他也出版了其他的著作,如在2009年出版的《我们的思想是自由的,诗歌和散文在监牢和驱逐》(Our Thoughts Are Free, Poems and Prose on Imprisonment and Exile)、2010年出版的《蓝色栅门外:一个政治犯的回忆录》(the Blue Gate: Recollection of a Political Prisoner)、2010年出版的《五一三年代:1950年代的华校中学生运动和新加坡政治》(The May 13 Generation: The Chinese Middle School Student Movement and Singapore Politics in the 1950s)

树介把这些著作称为挑战性历史。在李光耀的统治下大多数新加坡人,特别是政治拘留者已经被迫使噤声了一个很长的时期了。他们出版的书籍做出了明确的反驳。现在人们已经开始说话了。这些书籍的出版赋予了人们勇气和力量。它们为新加坡的政治历史还提供了另一个视角,更真实的观点,

在傅树介的著作《生活在欺瞒的年代》的出版后,在新加坡的反抗史的写作可以说已经达到了顶峰。这本书与其他上述所说的书籍有助于打开了解新加坡人民历史另一面的真实的事实。事实与激情的时代已经到来了,它将替代昔日的独裁者李光耀罪恶多端的诡计与欺瞒。

注:

2016年4月2日在吉隆坡八打灵再也举行的傅树介医生新书《生活在欺瞒年代》发布会上赛.胡申阿里是其中的一名受邀发言的嘉宾。以下是他的演讲稿。

.胡申阿里获取了马来亚大学(新加坡分校)学士和硕士学位。他的博士学位是在伦敦经济与政治学院获得的。他是前马来亚大学(吉隆坡)的人类学和社会学的教授。目前他说马来西亚人民公正党(Parti Keadilan Rakyat ,PKR)副主席。他的著作有:《马来亚农民社会和它的领导层》(Malay Peasant Society And Leadership (1975));《双面:不经审讯(1996年)》 (Two Faces: Detention Without Trial (1996));《种族关系在马来西亚:和谐与冲突(2008)》( Ethnic Relations in Malaysia: Harmony and Conflict (2008))和《马来人:他们的问题和未来(2008)》 (The Malays: Their Problems and Future (2008))

1958424_10209388956264016_364920601737064818_n

相关链接:傅树介医生于2016年4月2日在马来西亚八打灵再也举行新书《生活在欺瞒的年代》讲话网址:
https://wangruirong.wordpress.com/2016/04/05/

Truth and inspiration replacing deceit and deception

Posted on FUNCTION 8 April 6, 2016 by fn8org

Noted

Syed Husin Ali was one of the speaker at the launch of “Living in a Time of Deception” on 2 April 2016 at Gerak Budaya in Petaling Jaya. This is the transcript of his speech.

Syed Husin Ali obtained his BA and MA from the University of Malaya (Singapore) and his PhD from the London School of Economics and Political Science. He was a former professor of anthropology and sociology at the University of Malaya (Kuala Lumpur). He is currently the deputy president of Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR). He is the author of numerous books including Malay Peasant Society And Leadership (1975), Two Faces: Detention Without Trial (1996), Ethnic Relations in Malaysia: Harmony and Conflict (2008) and The Malays: Their Problems and Future (2008)

塞胡申阿里

I am very honoured for being invited this morning to launch the book Living in a Time of Deception by Poh Soo Kai. I finished reading this book in three days. Once I started, I could not put it down. I found it to be an exceptional work of great historical significance and value. Dr Poh Soo Kai is an outstanding political figure who survived courageously 17 years of severe confinement, in several of Lee Kuan Yew’s prisons, under the draconian Internal Security Act (ISA).

Although this book is often referred to as Poh Soo Kai’s memoir, it does not concentrate mainly on his personal life and experiences. Indeed it is much more than that. It is a meticulously written and well-documented alternative history of Singapore. It presents factual evidences which are well-annotated and convincingly negate the lies and deceptions of the so-called Singapore story perpetrated by the writings of the Prime Minister himself and his hacks, the like of which was Denis Bloodworth.

Soo Kai writes about all kinds of thing in his book. In the last chapter he relates about discussion on different types of subject he had with his bosom friend, Dr Rajakumar. Although he does not mention it, I am sure they had discussed about writing together a history of Singapore. I had several times urged Rajakumar to write a history of Singapore, especially under Lee Kuan Yew. But he kept on saying he had forgotten many things and would need the help of Soo Kai, whom he considered to have very good memory of events.

I know that for a while both of them did talk about this project. But before they could start writing, Rajakumar passed away. I also heard that Dr Lim Hock Siew, who was also very close to Rajakumar and Soo Kai, was finally persuaded by friends to write up his memoir. But before he had hardly begun, Hock Siew too passed on.

These three doctors, who became close political associates from their young student days in the University of Malaya, which was situated in Singapore then, followed closely, in fact, involved themselves intimately with the development of Singapore politics under Lee Kuan Yew. But almost right from the beginning, this brilliant threesome had already sensed that Kuan Yew could not and, in fact, should not be trusted.

They saw Kuan Yew as almost a fraud; he was not a socialist as he claimed to be, and he was not at all democratic in his views and practices. There are also some who suspected the nature of his relationship with the British colonialists. The three young doctors were closer to the youthful and charismatic Lim Chin Siong, as well as the progressive trade union movement that he led. Chin Siong cooperated with Kuan Yew at the beginning of the PAP days, but he was later betrayed, imprisoned and politically assassinated by the prime minister.

With the demise of Rajakumar and Hock Siew, the burden fell on Soo Kai to undertake the task of completing an alternative Singapore story. Actually, Soo Kai had begun earlier than that. In about 1993-94, some time after his release from second period of six year detention, Soo Kai was on his way to migrate to Canada. He stopped in London to do research in the Colonial Records Office at Kew Gardens.

There he studied and collected documents that had been opened, and jotted down notes that he shared, among others, with Rajakumar and Hock Siew. There is no doubt all these helped him a great deal when writing his magnus opus later. Soo Kai did not write immediately, but I have no doubt that the death of his two great friends spurred him on.

Meanwhile, Tan Jing Qwee, a lawyer who had been President of the University Socialist Club, like Soo Kai, was planning to compile a book on the club. This was published in 2009 under the title of Fajar Generation. Fajar (the Malay word for Dawn) was of course the monthly that the Club produced. Jing Qwee, who was then getting blind, not only managed to get a long essay for the volume from Soo Kai, but also succeeded to persuade him to be joint editor. Earlier, when Jing Qwee was preparing a memorial volume on Lim Chin Siong, under the title of Comet in our Sky: Lin Chin Siong in History, Soo Kai did not participate. But later he edited, with an introduction, a revised edition of the book.

Soo Kai and Jing Qwee also jointly edited The 1963 Operation Cold Store in Singapore. This was to mark the 50th anniversary of mass arrests and long detentions of more than a hundred mainly left wing politicians and trade unionists not long after the phony referendum that was engineered by PM Lee Kuan Yew for the merger of Singapore with Malaya. This book contains narrations and analyses of experiences of some of the detainees and a full list of political detainees since the Emergency in 1948. It was published in 2003 about two years after Jing Qwees’s death.

Much later Soo Kai wrote a couple of articles for the journal New Mandala, where he debated with the Singapore High Commissioner in Australia, and exposed several political deceptions that the Singapore government had blatantly committed under Kuan Yew’s authoritarian regime. I dare say that these articles, together with those he contributed to the books he helped to co-edit earlier, provided him with the necessary practice, and more importantly, the determination to complete his book.

But ironically, Soo Kai was not fully confident that he would be able to achieve what had become his life’s ambition. Nevertheless, as he openly admits, his editors and some other friends provided him with great help. A very close friend of Soo Kai who practically saw almost every stage in the development of the book, candidly told me that without the help Dr Hong Lysa, one of the editors, the book might not have seen the light of day in its present form.

Lysa not only edited what Soo Kai wrote but also buttressed them with academic research materials and also numerous foot-notes, which enriched those notes that Soo Kai had much earlier gathered in Kew Gardens. But I am sure that Lysa would be the first person to acknowledge that Living in a Time of Deception is indeed the result of Soo Kai’s own tireless effort. The main content of this book is based on Soo Kai’s memory, observation and analyses of the time that he lived in Singapore. Lysa and the others of course helped to refine it.

I mentioned earlier that in this book Soo Kai did not concentrate on writing about himself, in fact, he appeared to avoid doing this. The closest that he came to writing about himself is in Chapter 8, entitled Medicine and Me. Here he describes his experiences undertaking operations as a houseman and later a junior doctor under two well-known surgeons, a foreigner and a local. It shows his love for the profession, which he had to give up owning to his involvement in politics.

he first chapter of this book is entitled Family Ties. I thought he would write about himself and his relationship particularly with his nuclear family. Instead, he writes almost entirely about his illustrious grandfather, Tan Kah Kee. This is all because one of Soo Kai’s allegations for detention implied that his grandfather was a communist by association with the government of “Red China”. This is indeed a very cheap allegation. Much later when the Singapore government turned around and practically honoured Tan Kah Kee, this allegation against Soo Kai was never removed.

Lee Kuan Yew’s greatest obsession was to preserve his dictatorial regime. He could not and did not tolerate any criticism or opposition, which he believed were often aimed at toppling him. He always accused his opponents as being communists or pro-communists. There were also other variations, such as involvement with the Malayan National Liberation Front (MNLF) activities and with Euro-communists to undermine the government, or being members of a Marxist conspiracy and so forth. With these accusations Kuan Yew easily used the Internal Security Act (ISA) to arrest and imprison his opponents. The periods of imprisonment have been very long for them.

In Malaysia, to my knowledge, the longest a person had been detained under the ISA was for 15 years. But in Singapore it is common for political detention to go beyond this length of time. Soo Kai, like Said Zahari, was incarcerated for 17 years and Dr Lim Hock Siew for 20 years. There were many more. Chia Thye Poh who was detained without trial for about 27 years, suffered much longer than President Mandela. He is one of the longest prisoners of conscience in the world. What is my six years by comparison?

Collectively I know of only Parti Rakyat political prisoners in Brunei who have been incarcerated as long as the political prisoners in Singapore, especially under Lee Kuan Yew. The stories of physical and mental tortures are common among political prisoners. In Singapore, in addition to these, there are also tales of medical mistreatment that have led to additional sufferings of ailing detainees.

Lim Chin Siong was said to have been given overdose of a certain type of drug for his depression that it caused him to become suicidal. Soo Kai, on the other hand, had the treatment and medication for his severe sinus denied or delayed to the extent that it resulted in him being brain dead for a short while. Look carefully at Soo Kai; he came back almost from the dead! But at his age of 84 years now, he is still a young, strong and determined to fight for justice and against oppression the world over, especially in Singapore.

 One of the ways he does this is through writing. He has demonstrated this by his book Living In a Time of Deception. By using factual records from the Colonial Office, Hansard of Singapore Parliament, newspaper cuttings and his own recollections and analyses of the time, Soo Kai has been able to write a comprehensive and challenging alternative history of Singapore.

He has been able to uncover and expose the deceits and deception of Lee Kuan Yew to survive his years of authoritarian rule. I do not wish to enumerate all these here. They have been summarised well by Lysa in her introduction to the book. I suggest that you read fully the book first and then revert to the Introduction, and not go according to the sequence of the book. The introduction, I think, will help you, as it had helped me, to grasp the full meaning and significance of Soo Kai’s great work.

As I explained earlier, Soo Kai had contributed to and co-edited with Jing Qwee the Fajar Generation (2011) and The 1963 Operation Cold Store (2013). He also published a new edition Comet in Our Sky (2015). Besides these there are also other works such as Our Thoughts Are Free, Poems and Prose on Imprisonment and Exile (2009), Beyond the Blue Gate: Recollection of a Political Prisoner (2010) and The May 13 Generation: The Chinese Middle School Student Movement and Singapore Politics in the 1950s (2011).

Soo Kai called these writings defiant history. They defied Kuan Yew’s regime under which most Singaporeans, especially ex-detainees, have been forced into silence for a long time. The people have now spoken. These works have given many of them new courage and strength. They have also provided another perspective, a more truthful perspective, to Singapore’s political history.

With the publication of Poh Soo Kai’s Living in a Time of Deception, the writing of defiant history in Singapore can be said to have reached its zenith. This book together with those mentioned above, have helped to open the window to understanding the true facts on the alternative people’s history of Singapore. The time of truth and inspiration has arrived, to replace the deceit and deception perpetrated by Sir Harry Lee Kuan Yew, the erstwhile dictator of Singapore.

Noted

Syed Husin Ali was one of the speaker at the launch of “Living in a Time of Deception” on 2 April 2016 at Gerak Budaya in Petaling Jaya. This is the transcript of his speech.

Syed Husin Ali obtained his BA and MA from the University of Malaya (Singapore) and his PhD from the London School of Economics and Political Science. He was a former professor of anthropology and sociology at the University of Malaya (Kuala Lumpur). He is currently the deputy president of Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR). He is the author of numerous books including Malay Peasant Society And Leadership (1975), Two Faces: Detention Without Trial (1996), Ethnic Relations in Malaysia: Harmony and Conflict (2008) and The Malays: Their Problems and Future (2008)

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Related link: book launch in Petaling Jaya on 2 April 2016

https://youtu.be/ZVn_9mtG9bU

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