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(中/英文版)联合国人权理事会于2016年6月24日发表声明: 关于新加坡接受的普遍定期审议机制 (UPR) UN Human Rights Council: Adoption of Sinagpore’s UPR

网址:https://www.hrw.org/news/2016/06/24/un-human-rights-council-adoption-sinagpores-upr

2016年6月26联合国亚洲最高专员国际支持被虐待受害者日

联合国人权理事会于2016624日发表声明:

关于新加坡接受的普遍定期审议机制(UPR)

2016 年举行的联合国人权理事会普遍定期审议机制(UPR)会议上大多数会员国提出事关新加坡的人权问题——是一个继续的问题——但是仍然维护的解决——这是新加坡早2011年时第一次进行检讨至今。我们很少收到新加坡在方面的回覆。从那个时候至今,他们将会解决这些受关注的问题。

很多国家提出了新加坡继续使用死刑刑罚和暂缓死刑的刑罚的看法。废除死刑刑罚是经过国际广泛一致同意,这是属于一种过去最残酷和不人道的一种刑罚。相反的,新加坡继续维护自己所坚持的可恶决定。新加坡政府在20165月处死马来西亚公民贾布林(Jabing Kho)突显了新加坡政府对全球的呼吁的漠不关心。

很多国家提出了新加坡政府歧视同性恋者(lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender简称“LGBT”)和在法典337A条款下,践踏了他们个人的隐私权,即视男性与男性之间自愿的行为是犯罪的。新加坡政府并没有直接对这起事件表示关注,但是,明确说新加坡的社会在这个问题是“保守的”。在这期间,在本月份较早时候,内政部长发出警告国际企业必须停止支持每年(在新加坡)举行的支持同性恋者骄傲和团结的粉色圆节日(Pink Dot

新加坡政府的代表再一次采取了回避批评新加坡政府一些限制公民社会和政治权利,诸如自由表达、结社会和平集会的基本权利。政府已经提出了承诺,以解决这些被提出来的严重的问题。

新加坡政府在关于批准国际人权公约的记录依然惨淡。他们只批准了三个主要权利公约和一个可选的协议新加坡政府还没有批准《经济、社会和文化权利国际公约》International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights or the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights)或者《公民权利和政治权利国际公约》(International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights)。

经济、社会化文化权利国际公约       禁止酷刑和其他残忍、不人道或有辱人格待遇的公约

新加坡政府把国际普遍定期审查会议上建议的这些公约和其他主要协议当作耳边风。新加坡政府对于这些公约和其他主要协议的批准采取消极的态度,以他们所宣称的,必须需要把它的国家法律与条约相一致作为借口。事实上,新加坡政府并没有采取重大步骤推进改革这些权利保护的议程。

新加坡长期以来一直就是在争论着有一股总理李光耀提出的“亚洲价值观”,作为取代国际的人权保护。联合国成员国提出的人权问题的深层次受到侵犯和新加坡政府缺乏对解决这些突出问题的兴趣。新加坡人民应该享有和其他所有国家的人民一样的权利。

相关链接Related link: FUNCTION 8《关注新加坡政府对在第二次国际普遍定期审查会议上 对于有关(会员国的)建议的回应》 STATEMENT: CONCERNING SINGAPORE’S RESPONSE TO RECOMMENDATIONS MADE AT THE SECOND UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW网址https://wangruirong.wordpress.com/2016/06/29/

UN Human Rights Council: Adoption of Sinagpore’s UPR

Statement delivered under Item 6 June 24, 2016

2016年6月26联合国亚洲最高专员国际支持被虐待受害者日

The major human rights issues raised in the 2016 UPR session on Singapore were a continuation of many concerns raised – and yet still unresolved – since Singapore’s first UPR review in 2011. We received very few answers from Singapore on when, if ever, they will address these concerns.

Numerous states raised Singapore’s continued use of the death penalty, and called for at least a moratorium on capital punishment.  Singapore instead defended the abhorrent practice and remains out of step with the broad international consensus to abolish capital punishment as an inherently cruel and inhumane punishment.  The May 2016 execution of Malaysian Jabing Kho highlighted Singapore’s indifference to these global concerns.

Many states raised Singapore’s discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people and violations of their right to privacy under penal code article 377A, which criminalizes consensual same-sex relations between men. The government did not directly address these concerns, but claimed Singaporean society considered the issue to be “too controversial.”  Meanwhile, earlier this month, the minister of home affairs warned international companies to stop supporting the annual LGBT pride and solidarity festival, Pink Dot.

Singapore’s representatives again sought to deflect criticism of the government’s severe restrictions on fundamental civil and political rights, such as freedom of expression, association, and peaceful assembly.  The government offered few commitments to address serious concerns raised about these rights.

Singapore’s record on ratifying international human rights conventions remains dismal, having only ratified three core rights conventions and one optional protocol. It has not ratified either the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights or the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

经济、社会化文化权利国际公约   禁止酷刑和其他残忍、不人道或有辱人格待遇的公约

Many UPR recommendations to ratify these and other major treaties fell on deaf ears. Singapore’s poor ratification record belies Singapore’s claims that it first needs to bring its national laws into conformity with the treaties. In fact, the government has taken no significant steps to advance a rights-protection agenda by reforming its laws.

Singapore has long put forward arguments about “Asian values,” promoted by the late prime minister Lee Kuan Yew, as an alternative to international human rights protections.  The deep-seated violations of human rights raised by UN member states and Singapore’s lack of interest in addressing them highlights the shortcomings of this approach. Singaporeans deserve, and are entitled to, the same rights as everyone else.

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