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(中/英文版)新加坡伊拉克政策如泥浆般的清澈 SINGAPORE’s IRAQ POLICY WAS CLEAR AS MAD

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新加坡伊拉克政策如泥浆般的清澈

陈华彪

作者:陈华彪  翻译:万章2016年7月10日

随着齐尔克 (Chilcot) 报告书在星期三发布,英国前副总理约翰彭仕国 (John Prescott)现在相信参与伊拉克战争是不合法的。他过去曾投票赞成参与战争。另一位英国前内阁成员也指控东尼布莱尔 (Tony Blair) “歪曲事实”。英国星期日周报(2016年7月10日) 也同时揭露东尼布莱尔目前为开启伊拉克北部供应天然气的石油与天然气新输送管的受薪顾问。

齐尔考特报告

正当齐尔克报告继续在英国成为头条新闻,亚细安中大力吹嘘参与伊拉克战争的新加坡政治当权者却出奇的一声不发。

在2003年,以伊拉克拥有大规模毁灭性武器(WMD)为根据以及萨旦胡先 (Saddam Hussein) 即将部署这些武器,小布什 (George W Bush)呼吁入侵伊拉克,新加坡政府很快的的加入支持他的行列。

作为总理的吴作栋,副总理兼国防部长陈庆炎及外交部长贾古玛教授集体的唱着来自小布什和布莱尔准备好的歌纸里的调子。

2013年3月14日, 美国入侵伊拉克前六天,贾古玛在国会宣布新加坡乐意削弱联合国安理会的权威,支持在没有联合国授权下入侵伊拉克。

贾古玛

“在9/11之后,伊拉克拥有不合法的WMD是个不能被接受的风险。倘若没有被解除武装的伊拉克能够逃脱,这将对全世界的极端组织发出个不良的讯号。安理会无法对第二项决议达致共识不能作为不采取行动的藉口。”

贾古玛曾是位法学教授,并且想必是内阁中的法律智囊。可是他并非武器专家。他应当知道联合国武器稽查员Hans Blix 和七百名职员并不支持伊拉克囤积WDM的任何说法。

新加坡支持美国侵略伊拉克达到歇斯底里高潮时正是总理吴作栋在2003年作出那臭名昭著的声明

“对每个人是很明显的,除非那个人带着眼罩,这是一场消除萨 旦胡先的大规模毁灭性武器的战争。”

在声明发表的那一刻,美国在国际上是被孤立的,并且有两百万人在伦敦游行抗议这场战争。

吴作栋

同样的,现任总统陈庆炎,在2003年是副总理兼国防部长,捉紧他在2003年4月对美国亚利桑那州进行官式访问这一时机誓言对美国的拥护。陈庆炎在他的演讲中说:

“开发与扩散大规模毁灭性武器对国际次序造成巨大风险,不能坐视不理。新加坡认识到美国为首的联军在伊拉克所做的重要性,也支持联军尽力解除伊拉克武装的。”

陈庆元

齐尔克报告发表后,现在我们都知道总理吴作栋对萨旦胡先拥有WDM的观点是如泥浆般的清澈,而且是在没有作好应对战后余波下就发动战争。

新加坡的外交和国防政策似乎只是根据亲山姆大叔这一幅有色的眼镜。他们是东尼布莱尔在发动战争之前写的一张私人备忘录给小布什说”无论如何,我会和你站在一起”的翻版。这是齐尔克报告中揭露的许多真相之一。

小布什和东尼布莱尔给吴作栋和行动党部长提供的”真实”证据都是错误的。

齐尔克报告的另一项对真象的揭露应该让作为美国和英国啦啦队长的新加坡政客更为尴 尬,报告提到萨旦胡先将化学剂装在玻璃容器捏造出来的说法是由1966年的电影《绝地任务》(The Rock) 得到灵感。

齐尔克报告中叙述道:

“有人指出玻璃容器在化学武器的使用并不典型,有一部受欢迎的电影《绝地任务》错误的将神经化学剂描写成装在玻璃珠或球型容器内。

秘密情报局 (SIS) 承认有关使用玻璃容器来装化学剂的问题和《绝地任务》中描绘的情节有相似之处。”

当吴作栋将新加坡扯入支持伊拉克战争时,只在国会中解释说这是为了国家的利益。在齐尔克的报告之下,他有责任对新加坡人民解释为什么削弱联合国安理会的权威来支持没有联合国授权下的战争是为了新加坡国家的利益?

他也应该解释,

支持并唆使一场造成二十万伊拉克人丧命及毁掉他们国家的战争怎么会是符合新加坡国家的利益与合乎道德?

陈庆炎作为总统,

应该解释2003年支持战争怎么会是为了新加坡国家的利益,当按照齐尔克报告书,那时可以预见到这将造成英国面临恐怖主义的风险更为增加。

总理李显龙也应该解释

目前ISIS风险的加剧是否与新加坡支持伊拉克战争有关系?

除非新加坡能为这一目光狭隘的亲美伊拉克战争政策洗脱干净,它将来有关舒缓因涉及中美的南中国海域紧张局势的政策将会被人以怀疑的态度来看待。

Singapore’s Iraq policy was clear as mud

陈华彪Tan Wah Piow   10th July 2016

Following the Chilcot Report last Wednesday, the former Deputy Prime Minister of Britain John Prescott now believes that the Iraq War was illegal. He had previously voted in favour of the war. Another former UK Cabinet Minister also accused Tony Blair of “twisting the facts”. Meanwhile, the Sunday Times (7.10.2016) reveals that Tony Blair is now acting as “paid adviser on a new oil and gas pipeline that could help unlock natural gas supplies in northern Iraq.”

齐尔考特报告

While the Chilcot Report continues to make news headlines in the UK, the Singapore political establishment which was the Iraq War’s loudest advocate in Asean is strangely muted.
In 2003, the Singapore government was quick to rally around George W Bush'[s call for the invasion of Iraq based on the claim that the country was in possession of weapons of mass destruction, and Saddam Hussein was about to deploy those weapons.
Goh Chok Tong as Prime Minister, Tony Tan his Deputy PM and Defence Minister, and Prof S Jayakumar the Foreign Minister collectively sang from the same hymn sheet prepared by the George W Bush and Tony Blair.

On the 14.3.2003, six days before the United States invasion of Iraq, S Jayakumar announced in Parliament Singapore’s willingness to undermine the authority of the UN Security Council by supporting an invasion of a country without a UN Mandate.

“ Iraq’s possession of illegal WMD is, post 9/11, an unacceptable threat. If Iraq gets away without disarming, it will send a very bad signal to extremist groups across the world. The fact that the Security Council cannot reach consensus on a second resolution cannot be taken as an excuse for inaction.”

贾古玛S Jayakumar was a Professor of Law, and presumably the legal brain in the cabinet. But he was not a weapon expert. He ought to know that the UN weapon inspector Hans Blix and his 700 staff were not supportive of any claim that there was an arsenal of WDM in Iraq.

Singapore’s support for the American’s invasion of Iraq reach such hysterical height in 2003 that Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong made the now infamous remark that

“It is clear to everyone, unless that person wears blinkers, that this is a war to remove the weapons of mass destruction from Saddam Hussein.”

吴作栋

At the time when the remark was made, United States was internationally isolated, and 2 million people had marched in London protesting against the War.
Likewise, Tony Tan, now the President of Singapore, but in 2003 was Deputy PM and Minister for Defence took the opportunity during his official visit to Arizona, USA in April 2003 to pledge allegiance to United States. Tony Tan said in his speech:

“The development and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction pose a grave threat to international order that cannot be ignored. Singapore recognises the importance of what the US-led coalition is doing in Iraq, and supports the coalition’s efforts for the immediate disarmament of Iraq.”

陈庆元

After the Chilcot Report, we now know that Premier Goh Chok Tong’s view on Saddam Hussein’s possession of WDM was as clear as mud, and the war was waged without any preparation to cope with the aftermath.

Foreign and defence policies of Singapore appear to be based on a blinkered pro-Uncle Sam doctrine. They mirrored the position of Tony Blair who, before the launch of the war, wrote a private memo to George W Bush stating “I will be with you, whatever.” This is one of the many revelations in the Chilcot Report.

Whatever “factual” evidence George W Bush and Tony Blair fed to Goh Chok Tong and the PAP ministers, they were flawed. Those Singapore politicians who were the cheerleaders for United States and Britain should now be even more embarrassed by another revelation in the Chilcot Report which stated that a faked claim about Saddam Hussein holding chemical agents in glass containers was inspired by a 1996 action movie, The Rock.

The Chilcot report states:

“It was pointed out that glass containers were not typically used in chemical munitions, and that a popular movie (The Rock) had inaccurately depicted nerve agents being carried in glass beads or spheres.

“The questions about the use of glass containers for chemical agent and the similarity of the description to those portrayed in The Rock had been recognised by SIS.”

When Goh Chok Tong committed Singapore to support the Iraq War, it was explained in Parliament as done in the interests of nation. In the light of the Chilcot report, it is incumbent upon him to explain to the Singapore people why it was in Singapore’s national interest to undermine the authority of the UN Security Council by supporting a war without a UN mandate.
He should also explain how it was to Singapore’s national interest, and ethical, to aid and abet a war that resulted in the death of 200,000 Iraqis, and the destruction of the country?
Tony Tan as the President, should explain how it was to Singapore’s national interests in 2003 to support a war when, according to the Chilcot report, it was foreseeable at the time that it would result in the increase of the terrorists threat to Britain?

The Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong should also explain whether Singapore’s support for the Iraq War is linked to the current heightened ISIS threat?

Unless Singapore comes clean on its blinkered pro-American Iraq War policies, its future policies over the unfolding tensions in the South China Seas involving the United States and China could be viewed scepticism.

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