人民论坛

小溪细水汇集而成形成汹涌的大海洋

(中英文版)又一个压制下一代沉默的手腕? Silencing Another Generation?

留下评论

又一个压制下一代沉默的手腕?

(第一部方)

作者:张素兰

副总理善达曼在国大的讲话是令人感兴趣的。

他说,

新加坡今天“有着很大的不同情况。与过去相比,存在着更多的自由空间……”

去年他与大学先修班的学生也分享了同样的看法。他说:

“与过去年代相比,现在拥有更大的自由了,更不用说我的那个年代……我是一个批评政府的异议分子。现在的情况与那个时候相比完全是两码事……”(见《今天报》2016531日)

我希望副总理善达曼的说辞是正确的。不幸的是,他是远离了这个目标了。他的行动党政府即将消灭另一代人的光明希望。年轻的一代人和社运活跃分子除非继续坚持反抗的斗争,以及有能力继续承受警方的不断 骚扰和准备面对类似于西兰.巴兰在国会大厦外站立而被捕的情况。(见网址:https://www.facebook.com/theonlinecitizen/videos/10155815921176383/?fref=mentions&pnref=story.

新加坡的年轻人是否能够追随60年代的美国黑人一样?(见网址:http://www.history.com/to…/black-history/march-on-washington)或者想1988年印度尼西亚学生推翻前印尼总统苏哈多一样?(见网址:https://nvdatabase.swarthmore.edu/…/indonesians-overthrow-p….

副总理善达曼自己亲眼见证了社运活动在1970年代遭受灭顶之灾。那些数以百计,不是千计反对或者批评行动党的人在内部安全法令下被关押和遭受虐待。请大家聆听职工会领袖庄明湖进行的访谈录(见网址:https://www.facebook.com/function8ltd/videos/814969605346682/)和一名工艺学院学生胡丁海的访谈录(见网址:https://www.facebook.com/function8ltd/videos/835244086652567/)。他们告诉了有关自己在被监禁期间遭受被虐待以及他和家人在70年代经历的痛苦的经历。

1970年代那个时期,几乎每年都进行着逮捕行动。活跃主义分子几乎全都灭亡了。反对党已经灭亡了。那些成功地逃出新加坡成为真正流亡者已经无法回到自己的祖国了。他们当中的一些著名政治流亡者如:邱甲祥、洪瑞钗、陈华彪和何元泰……请大家浏览电影制作人陈彬彬小姐制作的历史纪录片《星国恋》。(见网址:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s-yKgvOQII4

                                       

1963年冷藏行动大逮捕和接下来比较小规模但仍然的恐惧的逮捕行动持续不断的发生。一代具有崇高理想人的年轻人就这样被摧毁了。在行动党的内部安全法令下被捕者所遭受的痛苦情况和虐待情况,比起过去在英国殖民主义统治时期有过之而不及。这些具有崇高理想的青年人为了不愿面对不经审讯而长期被监禁在牢狱里,不得不选择政治流亡生涯。他们当中包括了陈新嵘和黄信芳。他们都无法回到自己的祖国,黄信芳最终是安眠于在泰国。

                                 

到了1980 年代,新的一代的社运分子诞生了。他们是受到在1981年赢得了安顺选举的反对党惹耶惹南的鼓舞下诞生的。他们见证了惹耶惹南为了正义而被行动党起诉到法院。他们尝试争取实现一个公平和维护受到压迫的外来劳工。但是,他们的这一切斗争在1987 年都被行动党在“光谱行动”幌子下,以“安全行动”为理由迅速地被镇压下去了。接下来的20年,整整一代人完全失去了发出自己的心声。

长期以来,行动党就是依靠残酷的内部安全法令来维持其统治。它们追随着英国实施的紧急法令(也就是内部安全法令的前身)来控制老百姓抗斗争。一些组织的领导人和潜在的领导人就在这部法令下次被捕入狱的。

在英殖民统治时期,如律师约翰.依柏(John Eber (lawyer)),马格烈医生( Maggie Lim (doctor))、教师陈蒙鹤女士等一群大学生和中学生就是在紧急法令下被捕的。(具体的被捕者名单可以在傅树介医生、陈国防和孔丽莎博士合作编著的《1963年新加坡冷藏行动50周年纪念》书的附录中查阅)。英国人在新加坡的统治被称为“白色统治”。

假设新加坡人在那个是期望在新加坡内部自治个后来的新加坡共和国独立后白色恐怖会消失,那么,他们是错误和失望是的。擅自的逮捕行动和布景审讯的长期监禁的存在,致使了新加坡的独立没有给予新加坡人民从白色恐怖中解脱出来。行动党不仅是保存和延续了内部安全法令,而且是更加变本加厉用来对付人民。事实上,行动党认识到,英国人通过紧急法令来对付当时的抗英爱国民主人士,以维持其殖民统治是一个极其有效的手腕!因此它们使用了内部安全法令来扑灭刚刚兴起的社运和出现的反对党领袖。行动党对付人民反抗斗争的座右铭就是“防患于未然”。

1950年代至今,两代的社运分子已经随着岁月而年长了。行动党是不是要继续清楚另一代的社运分子。

在过去89年期间,社运有重现在新加坡了。那些1987年和早期的被捕者已经开始撰写历史档案资料和发出的声音了。年前一代的新加坡要知道在他们年轻时期发生在1987年的“光谱行动”的历史真相。他妈的父辈并没有告诉他们这些历史事实。他们在芳林公园举行了抗议集会。(见网址:http://www.sgpolitics.net/?p=3088.

政府为此做出的迅速的反应。他们可能没有胆量使用内部安全法令对付年轻的一代。但是他们知道自己在国会里拥有至高无上的权利,可以随意修改或者指定任何法令法规。国会可以把他们的非法行为变成合法的行为,同时,可以随意诠释法令法规条文。2009年的公共秩序法令就是在这样的情况下产生的。这条法令紧缩了有关权诠释非法集会的人数从5人缩减至1人。这条法令的修改意味着行动党政府是不会容忍即便是1名新加坡人敢于站出来反对政府的行为。(待续……)

 

Silencing Another Generation?

by Teo Soh Lung
Part 1

DPM Tharman’s speech in the recent Majulah lecture at NTU is interesting.

Why did he say that Singapore today “is a vastly different and more liberal place compared to what it used to be?….”

Last year, he shared the same view with pre-university students. He said:

“There is more freedom now compared to a decade ago, “let alone when I was your age”. … I was a dissident, a government critic. It was completely different then, compared to where it is now….” (TODAY 31 May 2016).

I wish DPM Tharman was right. Unfortunately, he was wide off the mark. His PAP government is about to wipe out another generation of bright, young and committed activists today unless the young continue to resist and are able to withstand constant police harassment and be jailed as had happened to Seelan Palay outside Parliament House. See https://www.facebook.com/theonlinecitizen/videos/10155815921176383/?fref=mentions&pnref=story.

Will young Singaporeans follow the example of the blacks in America in the 1960s http://www.history.com/to…/black-history/march-on-washington or the students who toppled General Suharto in Indonesia in 1998? https://nvdatabase.swarthmore.edu/…/indonesians-overthrow-p….

DPM Tharman had personally witnessed how civil society died in the 1970s. Hundreds if not thousands who opposed or criticised the PAP were incarcerated and tortured under the ISA. Just listen to Chng Min Oh, a trade unionist at https://www.facebook.com/function8ltd/videos/814969605346682/ and Oh Teng Aik, a Polytechnic student at https://www.facebook.com/function8ltd/videos/835244086652567/ tell the torture and hardship they and their families endured in the 1970s.

Throughout the 1970s, there were arrests every year. Activism died. Opposition parties also died. Those who managed to escape arrest became political exiles, never to return to their country of birth. We have several well known exiles – the late Mr Francis Khoo Kah Siang, Dr Ang Swee Chai, Tan Wah Piow and Ho Juan Thai. See Tan Pin Pin’s documentary “To Singapore With Love”. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s-yKgvOQII4

When Operation Coldstore (1963) and subsequent smaller (though no less horrendous) operations took place, one generation of idealistic young people was destroyed. Arrest under the ISA was relentless and treatment under the PAP was even worse than the days under British rule. Those who did not want to face long term imprisonment without trial escaped. Chan Sun Wing and the late Wong Soon Fong escaped. They could not return to Singapore and Wong died in Thailand.

In the 1980s, a new generation of activists appeared on the scene. They were largely inspired by Mr JB Jeyaretnam who won the Anson by election in 1981. They witnessed the injustice done to Jeyaretnam when he was sued and charged in court. They attempted to create a fairer society and protect oppressed migrant workers. But they were swiftly put down in 1987 in the so called “security operation” codenamed Operation Spectrum. That generation lost their voice for the next 20 years

The PAP’s longevity seems to be dependent on the ruthless use of the ISA. It followed closely the practice of the British which used the Emergency Regulations (the forerunner of the ISA) to control the population. Leaders and potential leaders were arrested and imprisoned under the regulations.

Under the British, John Eber (lawyer), Maggie Lim (doctor), teachers like Linda Chen and a large number of university and school students were arrested. (For a fuller list, refer to The 1963 Operation Coldstore in Singapore, Commemorating 50 Years edited by Poh Soo Kai, Tan Kok Fang and Hong Lysa). The reign of the British was called the reign of “White Terror”.

If the people of Singapore had expected white terror to disappear after partial and later full independence, they were sadly mistaken. Independence did not give them the freedom from fear of arbitrary arrest and imprisonment without trial. The ISA was not only retained but made worse for the people. Indeed, the PAP must have realised that what the British practised was extremely effective in securing and maintaining power! And so began the practice of snuffing out civil society and opposition leaders as soon as they appear. “Nipped in the bud” was the PAP’s motto.

From the 1950s till today, two generations of activists have been lost. Is the PAP government about to wipe out another generation of activists?

In the last eight or nine years, civil society re-emerged. Those arrested in 1987 and earlier started to document and speak up. The young wanted to know what happened in 1987 when they were teenagers. Their parents did not talk about the arrests with them. They held a protest in Hong Lim Park. See http://www.sgpolitics.net/?p=3088.

The government was quick to react. It may not have the stomach to use the ISA on this new generation of activists but they know that it is supreme in parliament and could enact any law they wish. Parliament could legalise illegal acts and define terms any way it likes. The Public Order Act was thus born in that same year – 2009. It stretches the definition of illegal assembly to one lone protester. This law signifies to Singaporeans that the PAP will not tolerate even one person standing out of line.to be continue……

 

发表评论

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com 徽标

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  更改 )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  更改 )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  更改 )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  更改 )

Connecting to %s

这个站点使用 Akismet 来减少垃圾评论。了解你的评论数据如何被处理